Blog / Proxy vs. VPN: Which one is better?

Proxy vs. VPN: Which one is better?

by SW Team

In the world of online browsing, Proxy and VPN are common terms, but what exactly do they do? In this blog, you will learn about these two powerful tools for protecting your privacy and security online. But before we get into the details, let us briefly explain what these two terms are.

A Proxy is an intermediate server between the device and the online network. It improves speed by storing cached content and allows you to bypass geo-restrictions by changing the apparent IP address.

A VPN (Virtual Private Network) is a solution that creates a secure and encrypted connection between your device and a remote server. It can protect online data by encrypting it and hiding the real IP address, providing security, anonymity and the ability to access restricted content.

Differences between Proxy and VPN

The use of Proxy and VPN are similar in their aim to protect privacy and provide access to restricted content, but their mechanisms and scope are very different.

Level of Security

Proxy: Although a Proxy can hide the IP address, it does not encrypt the data. This means that, although you can access restricted content, personal information and online activity may still be visible to others and are potentially vulnerable to attack.

VPN: It provides a high level of security by encrypting the entire connection. This protects data, passwords and financial details from hackers and cyber criminals. It also prevents websites and services from tracking your location by changing your IP.

Applications and Uses

Proxy: It is mainly used to access geo-restricted content or to increase the speed of access to certain resources by storing in cache the common data. It is also useful for bypassing web filters on certain networks.

VPN: It excels in security and privacy. It is the ideal choice for those who want to protect their communications on public Wi-Fi networks, avoid ISP monitoring and access the Internet securely and anonymously.

Speed of use

Proxy: Because it does not encrypt data, a Proxy is usually faster than a VPN. If speed is a priority and security is not a concern, a Proxy may be the best option.

VPN: Due to data encryption, it is normal for VPN to slow down the connection speed slightly. However, technological developments have greatly improved this aspect.

Compatibility and Configuration

Proxy: In general, it does not require complicated configuration, as it is often sufficient to add the Proxy address to the browser settings.

VPN: It can be a bit more complex, but many VPNs offer intuitive applications for different devices and operating systems, making them easy to set up.

Advantages and disadvantages of Proxy

Using a Proxy for web browsing offers certain advantages, but it also has some limitations and disadvantages that are important to consider.


Access to Restricted Content: One of the main advantages is the ability to access content that is blocked or restricted in certain regions. By changing your IP address to the Proxy address, you can bypass the geo-restrictions imposed by some websites and online services.

Access Speed: Because it caches the common data, it can improve the speed of access to certain resources. A Proxy can display the cached version of the site instead of loading all the elements, which speeds up loading.

Access Control: It enables network administrators to have greater control over the Internet access of users on their network. They can set policies to block certain websites or types of unwanted content, which is particularly useful in educational or corporate environments.

Content Filtering: It can perform online content filtering, blocking access to malicious or inappropriate websites. This is valuable in maintaining a safe online environment and protecting users from potential cyber threats.

Load Balancing: Proxies can distribute traffic across multiple servers to avoid overloading a single server. This improves the performance and availability of online services by ensuring that no single server is overloaded.


Lack of Security: The Proxy does not encrypt data, which means that online traffic is not protected, and anyone intercepting the connection can see activity and personal data.

Limited to Web Browsing: This only affects HTTP and HTTPS traffic in the web browser in which it is configured. It does not protect other applications that use different connections, such as email or messaging applications.

Risk of Unreliable Proxies: Some free proxies can be unreliable and collect browsing data for questionable purposes. They may also display unwanted advertisements or redirect you to malicious websites.

Does Not Protect Sensitive Data: Due to the lack of encryption, the Proxy is not suitable for protecting sensitive information, such as passwords or financial data, on public or insecure Wi-Fi networks.

Advantages and disadvantages of VPN

Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) offer a number of significant advantages, but like anything else, they have certain disadvantages that need to be considered when using them.


Advanced Security and Privacy: One of the main advantages is the high level of security that it provides. The VPN encrypts all internet traffic that leaves the device, which means that data, passwords and personal information are protected from hackers or prying eyes on public Wi-Fi networks.

Anonymity and Identity Protection: When you connect through a VPN, your real IP address is replaced by an address provided by the VPN server. This gives a high level of anonymity, making it difficult for websites, advertisers and service providers to track your location and online activity.

Access to Global Content: By changing your IP address to one from a remote server, you can access restricted content in different countries. This allows you to enjoy streaming services, websites and applications that would otherwise be unavailable in your location.

Versatility and Device Coverage: It supports a wide range of devices, from desktops and laptops to smartphones and tablets. Some VPN providers offer easy-to-use apps that simplify the setup process on different devices.

Avoiding Bandwidth Limitation: Some networks, such as universities or public places, may have limited bandwidth. A VPN can help avoid these restrictions and maintain an optimal connection speed.


Possible Blocking of Websites: Some services and websites may block access to users that are connected through a VPN. This can make it difficult to access certain content, although this is less common with quality VPN providers.

Server Performance: The performance of a VPN can depend on the server you are connected to. Some servers may be overloaded, which can affect your online experience.

Upgrades and Maintenance: VPNs require regular updates to maintain their security and performance. Ignoring these updates could leave your connection vulnerable.

Possible Decrease in Speed: Due to the encryption process and the routing of data through remote servers, it is possible that a VPN will slow down the speed of your connection compared to a direct connection to the Internet.

Conclusion: Which one to choose?

When choosing between a Proxy and a VPN, it is important to consider your online goals and priorities. If you need to access restricted content or improve your browsing speed, a Proxy may be useful. However, if you want to protect your data and maintain your privacy, especially on public networks, a VPN is the right choice. VPNs offer a higher level of security by encrypting all traffic, ensuring that your online activities are protected. In conclusion, you have to evaluate your needs, balance speed and security, and choose the option that best suits your requirements and privacy concerns.

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