Blog / Ransomware: What It Is, How to Prevent and Remove It (PART 2)

Ransomware: What It Is, How to Prevent and Remove It (PART 2)

by SW Team

Welcome to the second part of our series on Ransomware! In this part, we will look at how to prevent and detect this cyber threat. If you missed the first part, where we explored what Ransomware is, its types and examples, you can find it here.

How to Prevent Ransomware

Security is an inescapable priority. That's why we're looking at how to prevent Ransomware, the persistent threat that seeks to infiltrate devices and steal data. We'll look at everything from critical updates to permission settings, as we dive into an arsenal of precautions to strengthen your cyber defences.

Keep Programs Updated

The operating system and security software act as digital gatekeepers, and regular updates are their primary tool. Automating these updates ensures that the device is equipped with the latest security fixes, closing potential loopholes that cybercriminals could exploit.

Prioritising security patches is essential, as they often fix known vulnerabilities that could be exploited. Also, do not underestimate the importance of rebooting your device after updating, as some changes only take full effect after a reboot.

Be Careful with Emails

Being careful with email is the key to avoiding the traps of Ransomware. Avoiding opening emails from unknown senders is a basic principle; many attacks start with a simple click on a seemingly innocent message. A policy of not downloading suspicious attachments is also an important security measure. Many Ransomwares are cleverly disguised and attachments are often the gateway. Be vigilant and adopt a policy of verification before opening or downloading.

Use Reliable Security Software

Installing up-to-date antivirus and anti-malware software is the first line of defence. These tools provide real-time updates to detect and block threats as they emerge. Set up scheduled scans to ensure you are constantly scanning for potential threats, even when you are not actively using the device. A key component is an active firewall that filters unwanted traffic and blocks potential intruders, providing an extra layer of protection.

Frequent Backups

Part of being prepared for a possible Ransomware attack is making regular backups. Keeping copies of important files on external storage is a safeguard against total loss in the event of a successful attack. These copies act as digital insurance, providing a way to restore the system to a safe and uncompromised state.

Configure User Permissions

Setting user permissions involves limiting access privileges, which means that even if a cybercriminal gains access, their capabilities are limited. This approach limits the potential damage and can help prevent the spread of Ransomware through the system. Regularly reviewing and adjusting these privileges is an essential security practice, to adapt to changes in the network or user responsibilities.

How to Detect Ransomware

Now it's time to see how you can detect the presence of this threat. You will see everything from performance monitoring to security software alerts. Let's get started:

Performance Monitoring

Look out for any abrupt changes, such as unexplained slowdowns or unusual blocking. These can indicate the presence of malware that is interfering with normal system performance. By spotting these anomalies early, you can take preventative action before Ransomware causes significant damage.

Monitor File Changes

If you notice unusual file extensions or files that are suddenly encrypted, these could be clear signs of malicious activity. Ransomware often changes the structure of files to restrict legitimate user access. Being aware of these changes can help you identify and deal with the threat before it destroys your data.

Security Program Alerts

Be aware of alerts generated by security software, as some antivirus solutions can detect suspicious behaviour. These alerts can include unauthorised access attempts, changes to system settings, or activity that is out of the ordinary. Acting quickly on these alerts can be the key to preventing a Ransomware attack.

Regular Audits

These audits identify potential weaknesses in the system before they become gateways for Ransomware. Addressing these vulnerabilities at an early stage strengthens defences and significantly reduces the risk of a successful attack.

This is the end of the second part of our blog, in which we have broken down various tips you can follow to prevent and detect Ransomware, thus strengthening your digital defences. In the next part, we will look at the removal process if this cyber threat has managed to infect you - stay tuned!

If you missed the first part, where we explained what Ransomware is, its types and examples, you can read it here. See you in the next blog.


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