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Basic commands to use in the terminal

In this manual we will learn the basic commands to handle you through the terminal of your Linux server.

CD

As its name indicates, it serves to Change of Directory.

To go to the root of the directory:

cd /

If we want to go to a specific directory:

cd mi_directorio/otro_directorio

To go to the previous directory:

cd ..

LS

With this command we will obtain a "LIST" of the directories and/or files, it would be like an MS-DOS DIR:

ls

You can use the *, which will make the wildcard function:

ls *.txt

It would only show the files with the extension .txt

MKDIR

With this command, you can create a directory:

mkdir nuevo_directorio

RMDIR

Unlike the previous command, it is used to delete directories:

rmdir nuevo_directorio

MV

MV is used to move files, after the command we will put the file we want to move and the destination directory:

mv mi_archivo mi_directorio

RM

RM is used to delete files, if it is accompanied by *, it will delete all files in the directory where you are:

rm mi_archivo
rm *

CLEAR

This command is used to erase the terminal screen:

clear

CP

COPY CP, is used to copy files and directories:

cp archivo copia_archivo

You can make the copy in another directory:

cp archivo /directorio/sub_directorio

DF

DF indicates the disk space, available, used and total:

df -h

DU

DU serves to know the space a file occupies in a directory:

du /mi_directorio

If what you want is to know what occupies the files with the same extension, with -s you can find out:

du -s *.txt

FIND

It serves to find a file, by default the command will show us a list of all the directories and files from the directory where we are:

find -name nombre_archivo

KILL

If something does not work, this command will be helpful. First, we need to know what processes are running:

kill -l

Then we will look at the number of the process that is causing problems and close it:

kill -l 5

MAN

With MAN followed by the command you want, you will get the necessary help, as well as different combinations of the command in question:

man du

SU

It is used to change the user, it will ask you for the password to make the change:

su otro_usuario

EXIT

With this command you will exit the terminal closing it:

exit

Remember that with the dates (above and below) you will get a history of everything you have written in the terminal, saving you, in this way, rewrite it.

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We use our own cookies for the proper functioning of the site. In addition, third-party cookies are used for analytical purposes only. This information is not associated with any person so that personal identifying data is not stored, but is only information that is collected to identify the session, with the aim of facilitating the analysis of the website. You can change your preferences at any time by entering this website again. For more information about our cookie policy you can visit our Cookies. You can press the "Accept and close" button to give us your consent or you can access more detailed information and manage cookies.